What is Artificial intelligence “AI” and how does it work?

Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI)

What is Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) or Artificial Intelligence (AI) is about developing computer systems that can learn from their own experiences and solve complex problems in different situations and environments. If a machine can solve problems perform a task or display other cognitive functions that a human can then we can say that it has artificial intelligence.

Artificial intelligence can be defined as systems that perform actions physically or digitally based on the interpretation and processing of structured or unstructured data with the intention of achieving a given goal.

For humans, it is completely natural to be able to reason see the big picture recognize sounds and images solve problems deal with uncertainty take care of and apply knowledge in new areas use common sense learn from one’s mistakes and communicate in an understandable way language. This is not as easy to recreate with technology.

In 1950, AI pioneer Alan Turing asked the question can machines think? and he proposed a test to decide this question. Machines have not yet passed the Turing test even though the best algorithms are now so good that they can fool us into thinking they are human. At least for a short while.

Artificial intelligence similar to human intelligence, so called artificial general intelligence (Artificial General Intelligence intelligence we are still far from achieving today. Artificial general intelligence is often referred to as strong AI, while AI that can only solve the specific problems it is built for is called weak or narrow Artificial intelligence often falls into two categories:

Types of Artificial intelligence

Narrow or weak AI: These are solutions that are geared towards a specific narrow area or developed with one specific task in mind. Narrow AI often performs one task very well such as image processing or pattern recognition for specific purposes. These machines may seem highly intelligent, but often have far greater limitations than even simple human intelligence.

General or Strong AI: Artificial general intelligence is, so far, what we see in movies such as the robots in Westworld Interstellar or Terminator. A general AI can like humans use its intellect to solve all types of problems generalize learning and experiences from one problem to another, and think holistically about complex issues.

Examples of products and services that use artificial intelligence

  • Google search
  • Digital assistants such as Siri and Alexa
  • Movie and song recommendations from Netflix and Spotify
  • Self-driving cars
  • Spam filters in e-mail
  • Snapchat lenses that recognize faces and facial expressions
  • Recognition of faces in photos you upload to Facebook
  • Narrow artificial intelligence

Don’t be fooled by the name. So called narrow or weak AI can be found everywhere today and can be incredibly effective. So far it is the most successful realization of artificial intelligence and is used in all the examples you find in the list above. Narrow AI is programmed to perform a specific task – whether it’s checking the weather, playing chess or analyzing raw data to write reports.

Narrow AI can perform tasks in real time, but they draw information from specific data sets. Therefore, they cannot perform tasks that are outside of what they are trained to do. Unlike general or strong AI, which we write about a little further down, narrow AI is not conscious, self-aware or driven by emotions like humans are. They operate within limited frameworks even though they may appear to be more sophisticated than that. In other words, we call it weak AI because they cannot think for themselves.

Systems with narrow artificial intelligence can process data and perform tasks much faster than humans, which has made it possible to increase productivity, efficiency and, not least, quality of life. It is therefore an important part of a digitization strategy and has great potential to help run your company more efficiently.

There are also many good examples of where AI systems can be an advisor for medical personnel within defined domains, such as cancer treatment. AI is also central to so-called precision medicine, where you get a more pointed treatment based on specific information about you as a patientknow more

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