Breast cancer is the term for a malignant growth in the breasts. Breast cancer can affect either men or women, but women are significantly more likely to have it. Despite declining breast cancer fatalities over time, breast cancer is still the second most frequent malignancy among all women and the most common among Hispanic women.
Breast cancer signs and symptoms may include:
- Breast growth or a lump with a texture that differs from the nearby tissue changes a breast’s size, shape, or appearance
- skin changes, like dimpling, in the breast area
- An inverted nipple.
- The pigmented skin region surrounding the nipple (areola), breast skin peels, scales, crusts, or flakes.
- Your breast skin may have redness or pitting similar to orange skin.
What causes breast cancer?
Breast cancer manifests as a proliferation and expansion of aberrant cells in your breast. The exact reason this procedure began in the first place is unknown to experts. However, according to the study, several risk factors could raise your risk of having breast cancer. These consist of the following:
- Age. Your risk of breast cancer rises as you reach the age of 50.
- Sex. Women have a substantially higher risk of developing breast cancer than men.
- Genetics and family history. You have a higher chance of getting breast cancer at some time in your life if your parents, siblings, kids, or other close relatives have already been diagnosed. Genetic testing reveals that 5% to 10% of breast cancers are caused by a faulty gene handed down from parents to children.
- Smoking. Smoking has been linked to both breast cancer and other malignancies.
- Use of alcohol- According to research, drinking alcohol may increase your risk of developing several kinds of breast cancer.
- Obesity: Obesity increases the likelihood that you will develop breast cancer and that it will come back.
- Radiation exposure: If you have ever received radiation therapy, particularly to the head, neck, or chest, your risk of developing breast cancer increases.
- Therapy with replacement hormones Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) users have a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
What are the breast cancer stages?
- Stage 0. The illness has no invasiveness. This indicates that it hasn’t emerged from your breast ducts.
- In Stage 1, cancer has already spread to the surrounding breast tissue.
- Tumors bigger than 5 centimeters in diameter but have not yet spread to the lymph nodes under the armpits are classified as stage II if they are smaller than 2 centimeters. At this stage, 2 and 5-cm tumors may or may not affect the nearby lymph nodes.
- III stage- Cancer has progressed beyond its original spot in this stage. It might have spread to tissue and lymph nodes nearby but hasn’t yet reached distant organs. Locally advanced breast cancer is usually used to describe stage III breast cancer.
- In the IV Stage, Cancer impacts your bones, liver, lungs, brain, other organs, and breasts. Stage IV breast cancer with metastases is another term for it.
- Surgery is one of the primary breast cancer treatments.
- hormone replacement treatment
One of these therapies may be used on you or a combination. The method used to diagnose cancer and its stage will determine the kind or combination of treatments you receive.